Cleopatra VII: Early Life. We cannot be sure who her mother was, but the most likely candidate is Cleopatra V Tryphaena, the wife ( and the sister or cousin) of her father Ptolemy XII Auletes (“the flute player”). Yet it is equally likely that she was the daughter of one of Ptolemy Auletes minor wives, possible a member of the Memphite priestly dynasty. However, in his recent book Roller.
Cleopatra, whose full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, was a charming woman who managed to seduce two powerful Romans of the time: the famous Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Both fathered her children, but only one of these four children managed to live to adulthood. Cleopatra was also married to her two brothers as was customary for Egyptian royalty at the time, and both were killed.
Cleopatra VII was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt,. her head allegedly being sent to the royal court on the decree of her father, the king. Cleopatra was now, at age 14, put as joint regent and deputy of her father, although her power was likely to have been severely limited. Ptolemy XII died in March 51 BC, thus by his will making the 18-year-old Cleopatra and her.
In 58 BCE, Cleopatra's father Ptolemy XII fled to Rome to escape his angry people in the face of a declining economy and the dawning perception that he was a puppet of Rome. His daughter Berenike IV seized the throne in his absence, but by 55 BCE, Rome (including a young Marcus Antonius, or Mark Antony ) reinstalled him, and executed Berenike, making Cleopatra the next in line for the throne.
Cleopatra VII Philopator was born in 69 BCE and ruled jointly with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. When she was eighteen years old, her father died, leaving her the throne. Because Egyptian tradition held that a woman needed a male consort to rule, her twelve-year old brother, Ptolemy XIII, was ceremonially married to her. Cleopatra soon dropped his name from all official documents, however.
In 117 BC, Ptolemy IX was governor of Cyprus, but in 116 BC his father Ptolemy VIII died and he returned to Alexandria, becoming the junior co-regent of his grandmother Cleopatra II and his mother Cleopatra III.
Cleopatra VII originally shared power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brother-husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. Her relationship with Julius Caesar led to sole rule. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with Mark Antony. Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. The Triumvirs, Mark.
A.k.a. the Cleopatra most people think of.Yes, there were six of them before her. Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator note (69 - August 12, 30 BC) was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, at different points ruling jointly with her father, brother, other brother, and son, though with the latter three, she was clearly in charge and only using them to bolster her credibility as a female ruler.